Archaeological Site Museum, Sanghol
Library of Lala Lajpat Rai, Jagraon
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Ferozshah Memorial, Ferozpur
Sangrur Museum, Sangrur
Sheesh Mahal Museum, Patiala
Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Museum, Sri Anandpur Sahib
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum, Amritsar
Shahed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh Museum, Khatkar Kalian

Archaeological Site Museum,Sanghol

Items on Display: Miscellaneous | Sculptures

The local people also know Sanghol village as Ucha Pind. Archaeological site museum, Sanghol is located here. It lies in Samrala tehsil in Ludhiana district in Punjab. It is situated 40km west of the city, on the main Chandigarh-Ludhiana Road. From Sirhind railway junction the site is only 16kms. From here one can take a bus.

The nearest railway station is however, Morinda on Sirhind-Nangal loop-line, which is at a distance of 9 km from the village. The museum is repository of find from the ancient site of Sanghol where the Department of Cultural Affairs, Archaeology & Museums, Punjab carried out archaeological exploration and regular excavations [with some breaks] from 1968 to 1990.

The earliest habitation at the site yielded late Harappan material around 2000 BC. This was followed by painted grey-ware material. Black-slipped ware in the early historic, late historic period, early medieval and late medieval periods. Two monasteries and stupas belonging to Kushan period were also laid bare.

The antiques discovered from the late Harappan levels (now on display) consists of very fine potteries, terra-cotta beads, figurines, bangles, terra-cotta cakes, beads of precious and semi precious stones, copper chisels, chertweight B & 92 micro beads of gold.

The materials from other levels, such as potteries, human figurines, terra-cotta gamesmen beads of precious and semi precious stones are also displayed. A single stucco head of Gandara school is on display.

The other exhibits consist of coins of various periods such as uninscribed cast-coins, coins of Kushana Kings, Vima Kadaphises, Kanishka, Huviahka, Vasudeva, Late Kuahana, Samudragupta standard type, Vasudeva II, Kidar Kushana. Sanghol has yielded a large number of Huna coins like Tormana-Mihirkula. A good number of coins of Shahi kings are also on display. Some beautiful seals and healing are also on display The most notable of them being elephant trampling a lion, a sealing with legend Nandi purasyua. A sealing of the Gupta period, possibly of a governor or servant with the legend Sri Maharaja Kapi la Niyuktas - yadhikarnasya.

The major discovery from the site was a hoard of 117 pieces of sculptures of Kushana period. These are in the form of 69 pillars, 13 copingstones and 35 cross bars. It is for the first time that such a large hoard of sculptures belonging to Mathura school of Indian art lying in stake has been discovered. The theme of these pillars are female figures in the forms of women and tree motif or depiction of concept of Shalabharijikas, in various form, the most conspicuous being a Dohada scene.

There is a well known art motif of a lady squeezing water from hair after bath while a swan tries to swallow the droplets of water mistaking them for pearls. Five selected pillars from Sanghol were taken for display of India to NewYork and later to Paris & Russia.

Ornaments of the Muslim period were discovered as a treasure from Sanghol consisting of sagi-phul, armlet, lockets, jhanjar etc. is also on display.